The Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) has published analysis which finds that the North of England receives six times less funding than London on infrastructure. According to IPPR’s report, the North East will see an investment of £300 per person between 2016/17 and 2020/21, with the North West receiving £290 and Yorkshire and Humber receiving £250. However, London will see £1,900 of investment per person. In addition, the total spend on Crossrail alone will be £4.6bn during this period, and will exceed spending on all projects in the North (£4.3bn). IPPR has described the lack of investment in transport links across northern England as a “national disgrace”, and has written to the new Secretary of State for Transport, Chris Grayling urging him to develop a “North First” approach to infrastructure investment.